Memorial Of Jesus Christ’s Death 2022, April 15th

The Lord's Supper—Why Do Jehovah's Witnesses Observe It Differently From the Way Other Religions Do?

We, the Berean Bible Fellowship, welcome you to our more in-depth study of the Remembrance, or Commemoration or Memorial, of our Lord and Redeemer Yeshua Messiah’s (Jesus Christ) Ransom Sacrifice, in joyful obedience of His command.

John 19:30 KJV

(30)  When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said,

It is finished:

and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

(PAUSE)

We’ll allow the Word of YHVH God in His Holy Bible to answer the questions:

  1. What was Yeshua (Jesus) referring to when, with His last words before His death, He said, "It is finished"?; and,
  2. Why does "It is finished" matter to us today?

Before we begin our Remembrance, please offer as short prayer and ask YHVH God to bless your efforts in this srudy in accordance with His only begotten Son's promise:

Mat_18:20 KJV

(20)  For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them.

Joh_16:23 KJV

(23)  And in that day ye shall ask me nothing. Verily, verily, I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall ask the Father in my name, he will give it you.

For those who may be unfamiliar with our Fellowship, we study YHVH God's Word as closely as possible in the same manner as the Church of Berea, as reported by the Apostle Paul:

Act_17:11 KJV

(11)  These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

In keeping with our commitment to study as closely as possible as the Bereans' studied, this study consists primarily of Scriptures with narration only as required for continuity.

Also, all the Scriptures in this text are quoted from the King James Version (KJV) because that is still the translation most people have, and for the sake of continuity with cross references and concordances.

However, on our condensed online Memorial Observation you will have heard the Scriptures being read from other translations using different English words than the King James translation of the Hebrew and Greek.

If you investigate the definitions of the differing words using a concordance, you'll discover they are pretty much the same in definition.

On our condensed online Memorial Observation you will have heard the Scriptures read from the following versions:

 

The Authorized King James Version;

New American Version, St. Joseph Edition;

New American Standard Version;

New American Standard Updated Edition;

New King James;

English Standard Version; and,

Hebrew Names Version.

For example, you will read in this text, and may have heard the Creator, the Heavenly Father, referred to by His title, God, or by various translations of His personal name:

Psalms 83:18 KJV

(18)  That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.

JEHOVAH H3068

H3068

יְהֹוָה

yehôvâh

yeh-ho-vaw'

(the) self Existent or eternal; Jehovah, Jewish national name of God: - Jehovah, the Lord.

OR

Psalms 83:18 Concordant Literal Version

(18) So that men may realize that You, You, Whose Name is Yahweh, Yours alone, Are the Supreme over all the earth.

The name of God in the Jewish Scriptures is an enigmatic mystery.

Exodus 3:13-15

(13)  And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is his name? what shall I say unto them?

(14)  And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and he said, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

(15)  And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is my name for ever, and this is my memorial unto all generations.

People often pronounce God's name as “Yahweh”, “Jehovah” or "Yehhovah", the god of the Israelites, whose name was revealed to Moses as four Hebrew consonants (YHWH) called the tetragrammaton (the term to designate the sacred name of Jehovah, in four letters, יהוה.).

The truth is that we don’t really know how to say it.

In most Bibles the tetragrammaton is translated as “the LORD”.

After the Babylonian Exile (6th century BCE), and especially from the 3rd century BCE on, Jews ceased to use the name Yahweh, apparently for two reasons:

  1. As Judaism became a universal rather than merely local religion, the more common noun Elohim, meaning “God,” tended to replace Yahweh to demonstrate the universal sovereignty of Israel’s God over all others.

AND,

  1. At this same time, the divine name was increasingly regarded as too sacred to be spoken; it was replaced vocally in the synagogue ritual by the Hebrew word Adonai (“My Lord”), which was translated as Kyrios (“Lord”) in the Septuagint, the Greek version of the Hebrew Scriptures.

The Masoretes, who from about the 6th to the 10th century worked to reproduce the original text of the Hebrew Bible, replaced the vowels of the name YHWH with the vowel signs of the Hebrew words Adonai or Elohim.

Latin-speaking Christian scholars substituted the Y (which does not exist in Latin) with the letters "I "or a "J" (even though the sound, "Jay" was not used yet, instead it was pronounced in Latin as a variant form of "I").

Thus, the tetragrammaton became the artificial Latinized name, Jehovah.

As the use of Jehovah spread throughout medieval Europe, the initial letter "J" was pronounced according to the local vernacular language rather than Latin.

How did the letter "J" get the sound we use today?

Both "I" and "J" were used interchangeably by scribes to express the sound of both the vowel and the consonant.

It wasn't until 1524 when Gian Giorgio Trissino, an Italian Renaissance grammarian known as the "father of the letter J", made a clear distinction between the two sounds, giving "J" the sound we use today.

Although Christian scholars after the Renaissance and Reformation periods used the term Jehovah for the tetragrammaton, in the 19th and 20th centuries biblical scholars again began to use the form Yahweh.

Early Christian writers, such as Clement of Alexandria in the 2nd century, had used a form like Yahweh, and this pronunciation of the tetragrammaton was never really lost.

Many Greek transcriptions also indicated that the tetragrammaton should be pronounced Yahweh.

Now we come to the name of Jesus:

Jesus and His disciples were all Jewish and so they had Hebrew names - although they would likely have spoken Aramaic.

The “J” sound used to pronounce Jesus’ name does not exist in Hebrew or Aramaic, which is strong evidence that Jesus was called something entirely different by his contemporaries.

Jesus' original Hebrew name is Yeshua, which is short for Yehōshu'a.

It’s a version of Joshua, and it means “salvation”.

The name Yeshua was known and used in Jewish history – you can find men called Yeshua in the roll calls of teams serving in the temple

(1 Chronicles 24:11, 2 Chronicles 31:15, Ezra 2:2,6,36).

Luke 1:30-31

(30)  And the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary: for thou hast found favour with God.

(31)  And, behold, thou shalt conceive in thy womb, and bring forth a son, and shalt call his name JESUS.

JESUS G2424

G2424

Ἰησοῦς

Iēsous

ee-ay-sooce'

Of Hebrew origin [H3091]; Jesus (that is, Jehoshua), the name of our Lord and two (three) other Israelites: - Jesus.

H3091

יְהוֹשֻׁעַ    יְהוֹשׁוּעַ

yehôshûa‛    yehôshûa‛

yeh-ho-shoo'-ah, yeh-ho-shoo'-ah

Jehovah-saved; Jehoshua (that is, Joshua), the Jewish leader: - Jehoshua, Jehoshuah, Joshua.

Since not every language shares the same sounds, people have historically adapted their names so as to be able to pronounce them in various languages.

Even in modern languages, there are differences in the pronunciation of Jesus.

In English, the name is pronounced with a hard “J” while in Spanish, even though the spelling is the same, the name is pronounced with what would be an “H” sound in English.

It is precisely this type of transliteration that has evolved “Yeshua” into the modern “Jesus.”

The New Testament was originally written in Greek, which not only uses an entirely different alphabet than Hebrew but also lacks the “sh” sound found in “Yeshua.”

The New Testament translators decided to use the Greek “s” sound in place of the “sh” in Yeshua and then added a final “s” to the end of the name to make it masculine in the language.

When, in turn, the Bible was translated into Latin from the original Greek, the translators rendered the name as “Iesus.”

In John 19:20, the disciple writes that the Romans nailed to Jesus’ cross a sign stating “The King of the Jews” and that “it was written in Hebrew, and Greek, and Latin.”

This inscription has been a standard part of depictions of the crucifixion in Western Christianity for centuries as “INRI,” an abbreviation for the Latin Iesus Nazarenus Rex Iudaeorum (pronounced: eye-ee-sus Naz-uh-ree-nuss Rex eye-oo-day-oh-rum), or “Jesus the Nazarene King of the Jews.”

Since Latin was the preferred language of the Catholic Church, the Latin version of “Yeshua” was the name for Christ throughout Europe.

Even the 1611 publication of the King James Bible used the “Iesus” spelling.

In Swiss, the “J” is pronounced more like an English “Y”, or the Latin “Ie” as in “Iesus”.

When the Catholic Queen, “Bloody” Mary I took the English throne in 1553, droves of English Protestant scholars fled, and many ultimately found refuge in Geneva.

It was there that a team of some of the most devout English minds of the day produced the Geneva Bible that used the “Jesus”, with a "J", Swiss spelling.

The Geneva Bible was an enormously popular translation and was the version of the Bible quoted by Shakespeare and Milton.

Eventually, it was brought over to the New World on the Mayflower.

By 1769, most English translations of the Bible were using the “Jesus” spelling popularized by the Geneva Bible.

Thus, the name used by English-speakers today is an English adaptation of a German transliteration of a Latin transliteration of a Greek transliteration of an originally Hebrew name.

Though His name may actually be Joshua, the name "Jesus" wasn't born out of creativity but of translation.

When Yeshua is translated into Greek, from which the New Testament is derived, it becomes Iēsous, which in English spelling is "Jesus."

Overall, the difference in names is due to translation. While a religious group may prefer one of the other, the Bible doesn't explicitly deem one translation more respectful.

Whether identified as Jesus or Yeshua, the story of His life and mission remains consistent.

To understand what Yeshua (Jesus) - finished - we must start at the very

beginning (a very good place to start):

Genesis 1:27-31 KJV

(27)  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

(28)  And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.

(29)  And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree, in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be for meat.

(30)  And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.

(31)  And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

But not all of YHVH God's sons were happy, in spite of their privileged estate.

Ezekiel 28:12-19 KJV

(12)  Son of man, take up a lamentation upon the king of Tyrus, and say unto him, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Thou sealest up the sum, full of wisdom, and perfect in beauty.

(13)  Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast created.

(14)  Thou art the anointed cherub that covereth; and I have set thee so: thou wast upon the holy mountain of God; thou hast walked up and down in the midst of the stones of fire.

(15)  Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.

(16)  By the multitude of thy merchandise they have filled the midst of thee with violence, and thou hast sinned: therefore I will cast thee as profane out of the mountain of God: and I will destroy thee, O covering cherub, from the midst of the stones of fire.

(17)  Thine heart was lifted up because of thy beauty, thou hast corrupted thy wisdom by reason of thy brightness: I will cast thee to the ground, I will lay thee before kings, that they may behold thee.

(18)  Thou hast defiled thy sanctuaries by the multitude of thine iniquities, by the iniquity of thy traffick; therefore will I bring forth a fire from the midst of thee, it shall devour thee, and I will bring thee to ashes upon the earth in the sight of all them that behold thee.

(19)  All they that know thee among the people shall be astonished at thee: thou shalt be a terror, and never shalt thou be any more.

 

Isaiah 14:12-15 KJV

(12)  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!

(13)  For thou hast said in thine heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

(14)  I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

(15)  Yet thou shalt be brought down to hell, to the sides of the pit.

 

Lucifer ( H1966 “the morning star”) became Satan (G4567 “accuser”) when he fell to the earth.

Yeshua (Jesus), speaking of this event, said,

Luke 10:18 KJV

(18)  And he said unto them, I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.

Genesis 2:15-17 KJV

(15)  And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.

(16)  And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat:

(17)  But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.

Genesis 3:1-6 KJV

(1)  Now the serpent was more subtil than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?

(2)  And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:

(3)  But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die.

(4)  And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die:

(5)  For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil.

(6)  And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto her husband with her; and he did eat.

 

QUESTION:

Who occupied the serpent’s physical body?

 

2 Corinthians 11:3 KJV

(3)  But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

Revelation 12:9 KJV

(9)  And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceiveth the whole world: he was cast out into the earth, and his angels were cast out with him.

Revelation 20:2 KJV

(2)  And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,

 

Genesis 3:22-23 KJV

(22)  And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever:

(23)  Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken.

 

In his disobedience, Adam lost the perfection given him at his creation.

Adam, and mankind, was now imperfect, blemished, unfit to be in YHVH God's presence.

YHVH God not only made His view of this clear when instructing the Israelites concerning their sacrifices, but also established the conditions for the redemption of Adam and all mankind:

Leviticus 1:1-4

(1)  And the LORD called unto Moses, and spake unto him out of the tabernacle of the congregation, saying,

(2)  Speak unto the children of Israel, and say unto them, If any man of you bring an offering unto the LORD, ye shall bring your offering of the cattle, even of the herd, and of the flock.

(3)  If his offering be a burnt sacrifice of the herd, let him offer a male without blemish: he shall offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the LORD.

(4)  And he shall put his hand upon the head of the burnt offering; and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him.

Satan was not ignored for his role in this:

Genesis 3:14-15 KJV

(14)  And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life:

(15)  And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

True to YHVH God's Word, Adam died:

2 Peter 3:8 KJV

(8)  But, beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thousand years as one day.

 

Genesis 5:5 KJV

(5)  And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.

The Bible teaches us that Satan challenged YHVH God, in front of other angels, alleging that any man would choose to remain alive over dying in faithfulness to YHVH God:

 

Job 2:1-5 KJV

(1)  Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.

(2)  And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.

(3)  And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.

(4)  And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.

(5)  But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.

Satan's work to win his challenge extended even to Yeshua (Jesus):

 

Matthew 3:13 thru Matthew 4:11 KJV

(13)  Then cometh Jesus from Galilee to Jordan unto John, to be baptized of him.

(14)  But John forbad him, saying, I have need to be baptized of thee, and comest thou to me?

(15)  And Jesus answering said unto him, Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness. Then he suffered him.

(16)  And Jesus, when he was baptized, went up straightway out of the water: and, lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him:

(17)  And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.

(1)  Then was Jesus led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil.

(2)  And when he had fasted forty days and forty nights, he was afterward an hungred.

(3)  And when the tempter came to him, he said, If thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.

(4)  But he answered and said, It is written, Man shall not live by bread alone, but by every word that proceedeth out of the mouth of God.

(5)  Then the devil taketh him up into the holy city, and setteth him on a pinnacle of the temple,

(6)  And saith unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down: for it is written, He shall give his angels charge concerning thee: and in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

(7)  Jesus said unto him, It is written again, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.

(8)  Again, the devil taketh him up into an exceeding high mountain, and sheweth him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them;

(9)  And saith unto him, All these things will I give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.

(10)  Then saith Jesus unto him, Get thee hence, Satan: for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

(11)  Then the devil leaveth him, and, behold, angels came and ministered unto him.

Satan even corrupted one of Yeshua’s (Jesus) own disciples:

 

John 13:18-19 KJV

(18)  I speak not of you all: I know whom I have chosen: but that the scripture may be fulfilled, He that eateth bread with me hath lifted up his heel against me.

(19)  Now I tell you before it come, that, when it is come to pass, ye may believe that I am he.

 

John 13:21-27 KJV

(21)  When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

(22)  Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.

(23)  Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

(24)  Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.

(25)  He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

(26)  Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

(27)  And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

 

As humans, we have to wonder at why YHVH God put up with all this from Satan, when He could have destroyed Satan with just a thought.

In His mercy, YHVH God explains this to us:

 

Isaiah 55:8-9 KJV

(8)  For my thoughts are not your thoughts, neither are your ways my ways, saith the LORD.

(9)  For as the heavens are higher than the earth, so are my ways higher than your ways, and my thoughts than your thoughts.

Deuteronomy 32:3-4 KJV

(3)  Because I will publish the name of the LORD: ascribe ye greatness unto our God.

(4)  He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Just how did YHVH God plan to rectify this problem between His perfection, mankind's IM-perfection and Satan's rebellion?

Ecclesiastes 7:20

(20)  For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sinneth not.

Isaiah 64:6 KJV

(6)  But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

Romans 3:23 KJV

(23)  For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;

 

 

 

2 Peter 3:9

(9)  The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness; but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but that all should come to repentance.

John 1:1

(1)  In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.

 

John 1:14

(14)  And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld his glory, the glory as of the only begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.

 

John 3:16-17

(16)  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

(17)  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

John 3:36

(36)  He that believeth on the Son hath everlasting life: and he that believeth not the Son shall not see life; but the wrath of God abideth on him.

 

Colossians 1:15-22 KJV

(15)  Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

(16)  For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him:

(17)  And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

(18)  And he is the head of the body, the church: who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things he might have the preeminence.

(19)  For it pleased the Father that in him should all fulness dwell;

(20)  And, having made peace through the blood of his cross, by him to reconcile all things unto himself; by him, I say, whether they be things in earth, or things in heaven.

(21)  And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled

(22)  In the body of his flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight:

1 John 2:2

(2)  And he is the propitiation for our sins: and not for ours only, but also for the sins of the whole world.

1 Corinthians 15:1-28

(1)  Moreover, brethren, I declare unto you the gospel which I preached unto you, which also ye have received, and wherein ye stand;

(2)  By which also ye are saved, if ye keep in memory what I preached unto you, unless ye have believed in vain.

(3)  For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

(4)  And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

(5)  And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

(6)  After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

(7)  After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

(8)  And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

(9)  For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

(10)  But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

(11)  Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

(12)  Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?

(13)  But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen:

(14)  And if Christ be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.

(15)  Yea, and we are found false witnesses of God; because we have testified of God that he raised up Christ: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.

(16)  For if the dead rise not, then is not Christ raised:

(17)  And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.

(18)  Then they also which are fallen asleep in Christ are perished.

(19)  If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable.

(20)  But now is Christ risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.

(21)  For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

(22)  For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

(23)  But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits; afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.

(24)  Then cometh the end, when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God, even the Father; when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.

(25)  For he must reign, till he hath put all enemies under his feet.

(26)  The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death.

(27)  For he hath put all things under his feet. But when he saith all things are put under him, it is manifest that he is excepted, which did put all things under him.

(28)  And when all things shall be subdued unto him, then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him, that God may be all in all.

Ephesians 1:7

(7)  In whom we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of sins, according to the riches of his grace;

Isaiah 53:1-12

(1)  Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?

(2)  For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there is no beauty that we should desire him.

(3)  He is despised and rejected of men; a man of sorrows, and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were our faces from him; he was despised, and we esteemed him not.

(4)  Surely he hath borne our griefs, and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken, smitten of God, and afflicted.

(5)  But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed.

(6)  All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned every one to his own way; and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all.

(7)  He was oppressed, and he was afflicted, yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb, so he openeth not his mouth.

(8)  He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken.

(9)  And he made his grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death; because he had done no violence, neither was any deceit in his mouth.

(10)  Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.

(11)  He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.

(12)  Therefore will I divide him a portion with the great, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong; because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors; and he bare the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors.

2 Corinthians 5:21

(21)  For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

Psalms 16:10

(10)  For thou wilt not leave my soul in hell; neither wilt thou suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.

Isaiah 26:19

(19)  Thy dead men shall live, together with my dead body shall they arise. Awake and sing, ye that dwell in dust: for thy dew is as the dew of herbs, and the earth shall cast out the dead.

Acts 13:36-39

(36)  For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption:

(37)  But he, whom God raised again, saw no corruption.

(38)  Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins:

(39)  And by him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses.

Romans 6:23 KJV

(23)  For the wages of sin is death; but the gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

1 Corinthians 15:21-22 KJV

(21)  For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.

(22)  For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive.

1 Corinthians 15:45 KJV

(45)  And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit.

2Co_5:20

(20)  Now then we are ambassadors for Christ, as though God did beseech you by us: we pray you in Christ's stead, be ye reconciled to God.

1Co_15:1-11

1 Corinthians 15:3-11 KJV

(3)  For I delivered unto you first of all that which I also received, how that Christ died for our sins according to the scriptures;

(4)  And that he was buried, and that he rose again the third day according to the scriptures:

(5)  And that he was seen of Cephas, then of the twelve:

(6)  After that, he was seen of above five hundred brethren at once; of whom the greater part remain unto this present, but some are fallen asleep.

(7)  After that, he was seen of James; then of all the apostles.

(8)  And last of all he was seen of me also, as of one born out of due time.

(9)  For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

(10)  But by the grace of God I am what I am: and his grace which was bestowed upon me was not in vain; but I laboured more abundantly than they all: yet not I, but the grace of God which was with me.

(11)  Therefore whether it were I or they, so we preach, and so ye believed.

Now the stage is set:

  • Perfect man, the first Adam, has disobeyed and fallen from YHVH God’s grace but not from YHVH God’s love, with all his offspring down through the ages - all condemned to die in our imperfection.
  • Satan has challenged YHVH God by claiming than any man will choose his own life over obedience to YHVH God.
  • A new Adam, a perfect man, has arrived, whose mission it is to redeem, by surrendering His perfect life, Adam and mankind from the last, great enemy, death.
  • Satan has tried to turn Yeshua (Jesus) from His mission - and Yeshua (Jesus) has overcome Satan.
  • Yeshua (Jesus) has spent 3-1/2 years teaching humans about YHVH God's Plan and demonstrating YHVH God's power through miracles.

Now we are entering Yeshua’s (Jesus) last week on earth as a human – Passover week.

>>> END PART ONE <<<

<<< PART TWO BEGINS ON THE NEXT PAGE <<<

The lunar time and date of Passover, and from that Yeshua’s (Jesus) Remembrance, were fixed by YHVH God Himself:

Exo_12:1-3 KJV

(1)  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

(2)  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

(3)  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

Exo_12:5-6 KJV

(5)  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

(6)  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

 

For 2022, the date of Passover can be calculated as:

Rosh Chodesh Nisan (Start of month of Nisan on the Hebrew calendar) for Hebrew Year 5782, our year 2022, begins at sundown on Friday, 1 April 2022.

The “first month of the year” (verse 2), began on April 1st.

Thus, the ‘fourteenth day of the same month” (verse 6) falls on April 15th.

As followers of Yeshua Messiah (Jesus Christ), our attendance was commanded by Yeshua (Jesus), Himself:

Luk_22:14-20 KJV

(14)  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

(15)  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

(16)  For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

(17)  And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

(18)  For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

(19)  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

(20)  Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

In the days between Yeshua (Jesus) entering Jerusalem exalted as a king, until His execution as a criminal, Yeshua’s (Jesus) final days were of striking contrasts:

from being the people's choice to be their king:

Joh_12:12-15 KJV

(12)  On the next day much people that were come to the feast, when they heard that Jesus was coming to Jerusalem,

(13)  Took branches of palm trees, and went forth to meet him, and cried, Hosanna: Blessed is the King of Israel that cometh in the name of the Lord.

(14)  And Jesus, when he had found a young ass, sat thereon; as it is written,

(15)  Fear not, daughter of Sion: behold, thy King cometh, sitting on an ass's colt.

 

to the same people choosing to have Him executed as a criminal;

Mar_15:15-28 KJV

(15)  And so Pilate, willing to content the people, released Barabbas unto them, and delivered Jesus, when he had scourged him, to be crucified.

(16)  And the soldiers led him away into the hall, called Praetorium; and they call together the whole band.

(17)  And they clothed him with purple, and platted a crown of thorns, and put it about his head,

(18)  And began to salute him, Hail, King of the Jews!

(19)  And they smote him on the head with a reed, and did spit upon him, and bowing their knees worshipped him.

(20)  And when they had mocked him, they took off the purple from him, and put his own clothes on him, and led him out to crucify him.

(21)  And they compel one Simon a Cyrenian, who passed by, coming out of the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to bear his cross.

(22)  And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.

(23)  And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.

(24)  And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.

(25)  And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.

(26)  And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

(27)  And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

(28)  And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

from exuberant praises of hosannas

Mat_21:9 KJV

(9)  And the multitudes that went before, and that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna to the Son of David: Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord; Hosanna in the highest.

to hateful cries of “crucify him;”

Mark 15:12-14 KJV

(12)  And Pilate answered and said again unto them, What will ye then that I shall do unto him whom ye call the King of the Jews?

(13)  And they cried out again, Crucify him.

(14)  Then Pilate said unto them, Why, what evil hath he done? And they cried out the more exceedingly, Crucify him.

from being honored and hailed

Mar_11:8-10 KJV

(8)  And many spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the trees, and strawed them in the way.

(9)  And they that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed is he that cometh in the name of the Lord:

(10)  Blessed be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the Lord: Hosanna in the highest.

to being insulted and reviled;

Mat_27:39-44 KJV

(39)  And they that passed by reviled him, wagging their heads,

(40)  And saying, Thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross.

(41)  Likewise also the chief priests mocking him, with the scribes and elders, said,

(42)  He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.

(43)  He trusted in God; let him deliver him now, if he will have him: for he said, I am the Son of God.

(44)  The thieves also, which were crucified with him, cast the same in his teeth.

even by one of the thieves being crucified with Him:

 

Luk_23:39-43 KJV

(39)  And one of the malefactors which were hanged railed on him, saying, If thou be Christ, save thyself and us.

(40)  But the other answering rebuked him, saying, Dost not thou fear God, seeing thou art in the same condemnation?

(41)  And we indeed justly; for we receive the due reward of our deeds: but this man hath done nothing amiss.

(42)  And he said unto Jesus, Lord, remember me when thou comest into thy kingdom.

(43)  And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, To day shalt thou be with me in paradise.

 

from being united around and protected

Mat_26:51-54 KJV

(51)  And, behold, one of them which were with Jesus stretched out his hand, and drew his sword, and struck a servant of the high priest's, and smote off his ear.

(52)  Then said Jesus unto him, Put up again thy sword into his place: for all they that take the sword shall perish with the sword.

(53)  Thinkest thou that I cannot now pray to my Father, and he shall presently give me more than twelve legions of angels?

(54)  But how then shall the scriptures be fulfilled, that thus it must be?

to being totally abandoned by those with whom He had shared His life and taught for over three years;

 

Mat_26:55-56 KJV

(55)  In that same hour said Jesus to the multitudes, Are ye come out as against a thief with swords and staves for to take me? I sat daily with you teaching in the temple, and ye laid no hold on me.

(56)  But all this was done, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled. Then all the disciples forsook him, and fled.

 

 

 

 

 

 

even denied and abandoned by His closest companion

 

 

Mat_26:33-35 KJV

(33)  Peter answered and said unto him, Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended.

(34)  Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, That this night, before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice.

(35)  Peter said unto him, Though I should die with thee, yet will I not deny thee. Likewise also said all the disciples.

Mat_26:69-75 KJV

(69)  Now Peter sat without in the palace: and a damsel came unto him, saying, Thou also wast with Jesus of Galilee.

(70)  But he denied before them all, saying, I know not what thou sayest.

(71)  And when he was gone out into the porch, another maid saw him, and said unto them that were there, This fellow was also with Jesus of Nazareth.

(72)  And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man.

(73)  And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee.

(74)  Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.

(75)  And Peter remembered the word of Jesus, which said unto him, Before the cock crow, thou shalt deny me thrice. And he went out, and wept bitterly.

from being anointed in loving adoration,

 

Joh_12:1-8 KJV

(1)  Then Jesus six days before the passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was which had been dead, whom he raised from the dead.

(2)  There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him.

(3)  Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odour of the ointment.

(4)  Then saith one of his disciples, Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, which should betray him,

(5)  Why was not this ointment sold for three hundred pence, and given to the poor?

(6)  This he said, not that he cared for the poor; but because he was a thief, and had the bag, and bare what was put therein.

(7)  Then said Jesus, Let her alone: against the day of my burying hath she kept this.

(8)  For the poor always ye have with you; but me ye have not always.

to being betrayed - with a kiss;

 

Mat_26:45-49 KJV

(45)  Then cometh he to his disciples, and saith unto them, Sleep on now, and take your rest: behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of man is betrayed into the hands of sinners.

(46)  Rise, let us be going: behold, he is at hand that doth betray me.

(47)  And while he yet spake, lo, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and staves, from the chief priests and elders of the people.

(48)  Now he that betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, Whomsoever I shall kiss, that same is he: hold him fast.

(49)  And forthwith he came to Jesus, and said, Hail, master; and kissed him.

from being a respected teacher in the temple,

 

Mar_11:27 KJV

(27)  And they come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders,

Mar_12:28-37 KJV

(28)  And one of the scribes came, and having heard them reasoning together, and perceiving that he had answered them well, asked him, Which is the first commandment of all?

(29)  And Jesus answered him, The first of all the commandments is, Hear, O Israel; The Lord our God is one Lord:

(30)  And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

(31)  And the second is like, namely this, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. There is none other commandment greater than these.

(32)  And the scribe said unto him, Well, Master, thou hast said the truth: for there is one God; and there is none other but he:

(33)  And to love him with all the heart, and with all the understanding, and with all the soul, and with all the strength, and to love his neighbour as himself, is more than all whole burnt offerings and sacrifices.

(34)  And when Jesus saw that he answered discreetly, he said unto him, Thou art not far from the kingdom of God. And no man after that durst ask him any question.

(35)  And Jesus answered and said, while he taught in the temple, How say the scribes that Christ is the Son of David?

(36)  For David himself said by the Holy Ghost, The LORD said to my Lord, Sit thou on my right hand, till I make thine enemies thy footstool.

(37)  David therefore himself calleth him Lord; and whence is he then his son? And the common people heard him gladly.

to being given the third-degree by the Jewish religious leaders;

 

Mat_26:57-68 KJV

(57)  And they that had laid hold on Jesus led him away to Caiaphas the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.

(58)  But Peter followed him afar off unto the high priest's palace, and went in, and sat with the servants, to see the end.

(59)  Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death;

(60)  But found none: yea, though many false witnesses came, yet found they none. At the last came two false witnesses,

(61)  And said, This fellow said, I am able to destroy the temple of God, and to build it in three days.

(62)  And the high priest arose, and said unto him, Answerest thou nothing? what is it which these witness against thee?

(63)  But Jesus held his peace. And the high priest answered and said unto him, I adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou be the Christ, the Son of God.

(64)  Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven.

(65)  Then the high priest rent his clothes, saying, He hath spoken blasphemy; what further need have we of witnesses? behold, now ye have heard his blasphemy.

(66)  What think ye? They answered and said, He is guilty of death.

(67)  Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

(68)  Saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ, Who is he that smote thee?

from casting the thieves out of the temple area

 

Mar_11:15-18 KJV

(15)  And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began to cast out them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves;

(16)  And would not suffer that any man should carry any vessel through the temple.

(17)  And he taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.

(18)  And the scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his doctrine.

to being crucified as a criminal between two thieves;

 

Mat_27:38 KJV

(38)  Then were there two thieves crucified with him, one on the right hand, and another on the left.

from the quiet of Gethsemane’s peacefulness

 

Mat_26:36 KJV

(36)  Then cometh Jesus with them unto a place called Gethsemane, and saith unto the disciples, Sit ye here, while I go and pray yonder.

to the hysteria of the frenzied mob at Pontius Pilate's judgement seat;

 

Joh_19:13-15 KJV

(13)  When Pilate therefore heard that saying, he brought Jesus forth, and sat down in the judgment seat in a place that is called the Pavement, but in the Hebrew, Gabbatha.

(14)  And it was the preparation of the passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

(15)  But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate saith unto them, Shall I crucify your King? The chief priests answered, We have no king but Caesar.

from the warm fellowship of Simon the Leper’s home

 

Mat_26:6-13 KJV

(6)  Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper,

(7)  There came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat.

(8)  But when his disciples saw it, they had indignation, saying, To what purpose is this waste?

(9)  For this ointment might have been sold for much, and given to the poor.

(10)  When Jesus understood it, he said unto them, Why trouble ye the woman? for she hath wrought a good work upon me.

(11)  For ye have the poor always with you; but me ye have not always.

(12)  For in that she hath poured this ointment on my body, she did it for my burial.

(13)  Verily I say unto you, Wheresoever this gospel shall be preached in the whole world, there shall also this, that this woman hath done, be told for a memorial of her.

to the brutal mockings and physical abuse by vicious guards;

 

Mat_27:26-31 KJV

(26)  Then released he Barabbas unto them: and when he had scourged Jesus, he delivered him to be crucified.

(27)  Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus into the common hall, and gathered unto him the whole band of soldiers.

(28)  And they stripped him, and put on him a scarlet robe.

(29)  And when they had platted a crown of thorns, they put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand: and they bowed the knee before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews!

(30)  And they spit upon him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

(31)  And after that they had mocked him, they took the robe off from him, and put his own raiment on him, and led him away to crucify him.

from the reverence and awe of the Lord’s supper

 

Luk_22:13-23 KJV

(13)  And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

(14)  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

(15)  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

(16)  For I say unto you, I will not any more eat thereof, until it be fulfilled in the kingdom of God.

(17)  And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and said, Take this, and divide it among yourselves:

(18)  For I say unto you, I will not drink of the fruit of the vine, until the kingdom of God shall come.

(19)  And he took bread, and gave thanks, and brake it, and gave unto them, saying, This is my body which is given for you: this do in remembrance of me.

(20)  Likewise also the cup after supper, saying, This cup is the new testament in my blood, which is shed for you.

(21)  But, behold, the hand of him that betrayeth me is with me on the table.

(22)  And truly the Son of man goeth, as it was determined: but woe unto that man by whom he is betrayed!

(23)  And they began to enquire among themselves, which of them it was that should do this thing.

to the public disgrace of the cruel mockings upon the cross;

 

Mark 15:22-32 KJV

(22)  And they bring him unto the place Golgotha, which is, being interpreted, The place of a skull.

(23)  And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not.

(24)  And when they had crucified him, they parted his garments, casting lots upon them, what every man should take.

(25)  And it was the third hour, and they crucified him.

(26)  And the superscription of his accusation was written over, THE KING OF THE JEWS.

(27)  And with him they crucify two thieves; the one on his right hand, and the other on his left.

(28)  And the scripture was fulfilled, which saith, And he was numbered with the transgressors.

(29)  And they that passed by railed on him, wagging their heads, and saying, Ah, thou that destroyest the temple, and buildest it in three days,

(30)  Save thyself, and come down from the cross.

(31)  Likewise also the chief priests mocking said among themselves with the scribes, He saved others; himself he cannot save.

(32)  Let Christ the King of Israel descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe. And they that were crucified with him reviled him.

 

from receiving His Father's comfort through an angel,

 

Luk_22:39-46 KJV

(39)  And he came out, and went, as he was wont, to the mount of Olives; and his disciples also followed him.

(40)  And when he was at the place, he said unto them, Pray that ye enter not into temptation.

(41)  And he was withdrawn from them about a stone's cast, and kneeled down, and prayed,

(42)  Saying, Father, if thou be willing, remove this cup from me: nevertheless not my will, but thine, be done.

(43)  And there appeared an angel unto him from heaven, strengthening him.

(44)  And being in an agony he prayed more earnestly: and his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.

(45)  And when he rose up from prayer, and was come to his disciples, he found them sleeping for sorrow,

(46)  And said unto them, Why sleep ye? rise and pray, lest ye enter into temptation.

to being forsaken by YHVH God at almost the very end.

 

Mat_27:45-46 KJV

(45)  Now from the sixth hour there was darkness over all the land unto the ninth hour.

(46)  And about the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, saying, Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani? that is to say, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?

 

From completing His very last earthly obligation, even after enduring the agony of six hours of being nailed on and hanging from the cross

John 19:25-27 KJV

(25)  Now there stood by the cross of Jesus his mother, and his mother's sister, Mary the wife of Cleophas, and Mary Magdalene.

(26)  When Jesus therefore saw his mother, and the disciple standing by, whom he loved, he saith unto his mother, Woman, behold thy son!

(27)  Then saith he to the disciple, Behold thy mother! And from that hour that disciple took her unto his own home.

to giving up His earthly life in the knowledge that He had successfully completed every detail of the mission YHVH God had given Him on earth:

 

John 19:28-30 KJV

(28)  After this, Jesus knowing that all things were now accomplished, that the scripture might be fulfilled, saith, I thirst.

(29)  Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

(30)  When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished: and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost.

(PAUSE for Reflection)

Sadly for the chief priests, Sanhedrin, Romans and many others, this was not the end that they thought it was.

We all “know” that Yeshua (Jesus) was, as the Apostles’ Creed claims,

“was crucified, died, and was buried. He descended into Hell; the third day He rose again from the dead;”

and that the Last Supper was on Maundy Thursday (Passover), Yeshua’s (Jesus) execution on Good Friday and His resurrection at dawn on Easter Sunday.

Really?

The Jewish celebration of Passover and the Christian observation of the death and resurrection of Yeshua (Jesus) from the grave (generally called “Easter”) are often observed on the same weekend, Thursday night, Friday and Sunday.

Clearly, Easter happens against the backdrop of Passover. Yet about 15 percent of the time, the two holidays actually occur a month apart.

What causes this mismatch?

There are two ways of answering this question.

The first is that there’s a basic misalignment between the Christian and the Jewish festival calendars.

Both holidays are supposed to fall on, or near, a full moon in the spring.

Passover (pesach) begins on the 14th day of Nisan and the feast of matza (unleavened bread eaten by Jews during the holiday of Passover (pesach) in commemoration of their Exodus from Egypt) begins on 15th. (Lev 23:4-6)

The pesach sacrifice while slaughtered on the 14th at evening is not eaten until the 15th day with the unleavened bread.

The tradition of seder (the ceremonial evening meal with which pesach begins in Jewish homes. Mat_26:17) dates back to the first pesach in

(Exo 12:1-24)

Much of today’s seder is tradition but some is commanded.

The Galileans even had a different seder celebration.

The lamb is chosen ahead of time on day 10 and actually stays in the home with the family before it is taken to slaughter on 14th.

The Pesach, matzah, and firstfruits are all celebrated together as one and are even called simply Passover or matza instead of separating them.

This has been done since before Yeshua’s (Jesus) day as evidenced in the gospels.

Because the Hebrew months are pegged directly to the lunar cycle, the 15th day of Nisan is always a full moon.

The 15th day begins at sundown, and so is after the 14th day, and the seder meal is eaten that evening.

For a time, early Christians used the Jewish calendar as a reference, celebrating Easter on the first Sunday after Nisan 15.

But at the First Council of Nicaea in 325 AD, the Church decided to set its own date for Easter, independent of the Jewish reckoning.

Today most Christian communities celebrate Easter on the first Sunday after the first full moon after March 21.

But sometimes this full moon isn’t the same as the Jewish one.

This leads to the second, deeper answer.

The lunar mismatch occurs because both calendars must grapple with the same underlying problem: A lunar year is not the same length as a full solar year.

In fact, nothing is exactly the same length as a solar year, because not all solar years are the same length.

This challenge ails not only both religious calendars, but also every human attempt at timekeeping on Earth.

The Hebrew calendar uses lunar months, and they’re about 29 or 30 days each. If you have 12 of those months, it adds up to 354 days

But that’s about 11 days too short: As we all recollect from middle school; a solar year is about 365.2425 days.

If left unaddressed, this would quickly cause the Hebrew calendar to drift out of sync with the solar calendar, violating the biblical commandment to celebrate Passover during the spring.

The Hebrew calendar resolves this by periodically adding an extra month to the calendar.

Two thousand years ago, this decision was made pretty much on the fly.

During the month of Adar (which directly precedes the Passover month of Nisan), the ancient rabbinical court would decide if it was springy enough outside for Passover.

If spring seemed to be on track, Nisan could occur. But if it wasn’t warm enough outside yet, the rabbis would tack on another month of Adar.

They called this leap month Adar II.

The harvest helped determine the extra month as well. The firstfruits of the barley harvest was waved before God before the eating or harvesting of the crop. (Lev. 23:9-16)

This kicked off the countdown to Shavuot – aka, Pentecost - where the first of the wheat harvest would then come in.

Yeshua (Jesus) is resurrected as the firstfruits (1 Cor.15:20-23) on firstfruits, that being, the first day of the week after the sabbath which occurs after Matza.

The Pharisees counted then, as do the Rabbis today, 14th, 15th, 16th, but the Sadduccees according to the written text did 14th, 15th, then firstfruits on the day after the 7th day sabbath, on whatever date it happened to fall made no difference, it was the Day that was important.

Thus Yeshua (Jesus) was sacrificed on passover as “our passover”:

1 Corinthians 5:7 KJV

(7)  Purge out therefore the old leaven, that ye may be a new lump, as ye are unleavened. For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us

His sinless unbroken body went into the tomb for Matza, (unleavened bread) He was raised on firstfruits, and remained 40 days during the countdown to shavuot, where, after 50 days, on Shavuot the Holy spirit is poured out and the first of the wheat is now planted.

Interesting picture of the future harvest of wheat!

Christians with no knowledge of the appointed times miss this amazing picture and pattern YHVH God has given us.

This also helps reconcile the gospel accounts.

Different traditions exist, another that takes into consideration Yeshua's (Jesus) keeping his Fathers appointed times is the Galilean tradition vs. Judean for seder – but that’s another discussion.

Around the third century CE (Common Era), this observational system was replaced with a fixed calendar.

The Hebrew calendar now adds a leap month seven years out of every 19. (Or, more exactly, Adar II is now added in the third, sixth, eighth, 11th, 14th, 17th, and 19th years of the cycle.)

It works out so that over the course of 19 years, that comes out almost to the length of the solar years. But it doesn’t work perfectly. The Jewish calendar drifts about one day later every 200 years, and so far there isn’t any mechanism to correct that.

Right now, that means Passover falls a month later than Easter three times in every 19-year cycle.

But the gap is slowly growing.

In about 6,000 years, they’ll be fully out of sync if nothing is done to correct the Jewish calendar. But right now nobody has the authority to do that for the Jewish world.

This problem - that 12 lunar months do not add up to a full solar year - also ails the Gregorian calendar, the calendar system now used by most of the world.

First proclaimed by Pope Gregory XIII, it uses a standard 365-day year most of the time.

But about 24 times a century, it adds a leap day on February 29.

This nearly, but not totally, brings the calendar year in sync with the solar year.

These days Roman Catholics and most Protestant traditions now celebrate Easter after March 21 on the Gregorian calendar.

But the Eastern Orthodox Church uses the older version of that calendar, known as the Julian, to determine the date of Easter and other festivals. The result is that in many years, Orthodox Easter is not the same as the other Easter date.

Even the Gregorian isn’t perfect.

In fact, it still requires regular tweaks by hand.

There is still a high rabbinical court of sorts that adjudicates the Gregorian calendar every year, deciding whether it should be adjusted to better match reality - except today the court is staffed not by rabbis, but by physicists.

No solar year, remember, is the same length: Thanks to tiny wobbles in Earth’s orbit, some years are a second or two longer or shorter than others.

The result is that every year, the International Earth Rotation and Reference Systems Service announces whether to add a leap second in order to align Earth time with solar time. (FWIW, The United States officially opposes this practice.)

The three calendars occasionally line up in strange ways.

In 2018 and 2019, the first night of Passover fell on traditional Good Friday. This won’t happen twice in a row again until 2113 and 2114.

And as it happens, the first night of Passover can NEVER fall on Maundy Thursday, even though that holiday commemorates a seder.

That’s because Passover can never begin on Thursday, EVER.

The calendar is arranged so that seder can fall only on certain days of the week.

If Passover started Thursday night, it would push Rosh Hashanah the following year to start on Saturday night.

And neither Rosh Hashanah nor Yom Kippur, the two High Holidays of the Jewish year, can fall the day after Shabbat.

(As an aside, what’s up with “maundy”, by the way? Despite its contemporary-sounding construction, "maundy" is derived from the Latin word mandatum, which is the Vulgate's translation of Jesus’ "new commandment" to love one another that He made at the Last Supper, as recorded in the Bible's John 13:34:

John 13:34 KJV

(34)  A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

"Maundy” Thursday gets its name from that Latin word "mandatum," the root of the English word mandate, which emerged from several hundred years of medieval Europe’s linguistic spin cycle as maundy, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia.)

The result of all this calendar gerrymandering is that along the path of history Passover and the resurrection of Yeshua (Jesus) have been separated both in meaning and how they are calculated on the calendar.

Which has further resulted in a loss of understanding of the events that surrounded the death and resurrection of Yeshua Messiah (Jesus Christ) as it relates to the Passover.

If we accept the belief of Friday as the day that Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified, how is it possible that He was three days and three nights in the grave?

Granted, those that hold to this view point out that Jesus was in the grave Friday, Saturday, and Sunday – three days.

But, no matter how you do the math, it is only two nights.

Yeshua (Jesus) Himself stated that He would be in the grave for three days and THREE NIGHTS:

Matthew 12:38-40 KJV

(38)  Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.

(39)  But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas:

(40)  For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.

It is clear from Yeshua’s (Jesus) own words that He would be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth, the grave.

Yeshua (Jesus) could have said three days and two nights but He didn’t.

He said three days and THREE NIGHTS!

What’s the big deal about an extra night?

Aside from the fact that Yeshua (Jesus) explicitly said “three nights”, there is Jewish tradition to consider:

Shemira (Hebrew: שמירה, H8109 lit. “watching” or “guarding”) refers to the Jewish religious ritual of watching over the body of a deceased person from the time of death until burial.

A male guardian is called a shomer (שומר‎) H7763 and a female guardian is a shomeret (שומרת). Shomrim (שומרים) are people who perform shemira.

According to the Talmud (Genesis Kabbah 100:7), the soul hovers over the body for three days after death.

According to this tradition, the human soul is somewhat lost and confused between death and before burial, and it stays in the general vicinity of the body, until the body is interred.

The shomrim sit and read aloud comforting psalms during the time that they are watching the body. This serves as a comfort for both the spirit of the departed who is in transition and the shomer or shomeret.

Traditionally, shomrim read Psalms or the book of Job. Shomrim are also encouraged to meditate, pray, and read spiritual texts, or texts about death.

Shomrim are prohibited from eating, drinking, or smoking in the shemira room out of respect for the dead, who can no longer do these things.

It is not necessary for the shomrim to be literally watching the body. The body may be covered or in a closed casket already, but there should be someone present in the room at all times.

In some cases this may extend to the next room, provided that the door to the room of the deceased is open.

Other traditions consider it acceptable as long as someone is present in the building.

One might ask what this human tradition has to do with the Scriptures.

In the Lazarus resurrection account there is this Scripture:

John 11:17 KJV

(17)  Then when Jesus came, he found that he had lain in the grave four days already.

Coincidence or intentional consideration of this Jewish tradition?

If Yeshua (Jesus) had been resurrected the morning after just two nights in the grave, His opponents would have had a field day against Him, claiming He had not been resurrected, but instead, resuscitated.

(PAUSE for Reflection)

The Scriptures teach us:

Matthew 28:1 KJV

(1)  In the end of the sabbath, as it began to dawn toward the first day of the week, came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre.

Mark 16:2 KJV

(2)  And very early in the morning the first day of the week, they came unto the sepulchre at the rising of the sun.

Luke 24:1 KJV

(1)  Now upon the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the spices which they had prepared, and certain others with them.

John 20:1 KJV

(1)  The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.

In each and every one of these Scriptures, the word “day” was supplied by the translator, that is, there is no Greek word for “day” in the original text.

Also, the word, “first” is the Greek word “mia” (mee-ah), which can mean either “one” or “first”.

Since we know from the Scriptures that Yeshua (Jesus) rose from the grave on the first day of the week, the day after the sabbath, that is, Sunday, there is either a problem with the Scriptures or Friday cannot be the day of execution.

Either Yeshua (Jesus) was three days and three nights in the earth and was resurrected on the first day or He wasn’t!

All of these questions can be answered through a careful study of YHVH God’s Word combined with a proper understanding of Jewish culture and tradition.

Studying the accounts in the Gospels surrounding Yeshua’s (Jesus) final days as a human before He was executed, we read that Yeshua (Jesus) had His disciples prepare a Passover meal:

Matthew 26:17-20 KJV

(17)  Now the first day of the feast of unleavened bread the disciples came to Jesus, saying unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare for thee to eat the passover?

(18)  And he said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with my disciples.

(19)  And the disciples did as Jesus had appointed them; and they made ready the passover.

(20)  Now when the even was come, he sat down with the twelve.

Yeshua (Jesus) sent His disciples to go and prepare a place for them to celebrate the Passover. That same night they sat down and ate the Passover meal together.

This was on the same night that Yeshua (Jesus) was arrested.

A similar account is recorded in Mark 14:12-17.

In fact, Mark added an important detail that makes it quite clear that the day that this took place was on the first day of Passover:

Mark 14:12 KJV

(12)  And the first day of unleavened bread, when they killed the passover, his disciples said unto him, Where wilt thou that we go and prepare that thou mayest eat the passover?

This is culturally very Israeli, very Middle Eastern.

They waited until just hours before the Passover was to begin to figure out where to celebrate the feast!

It was the 14 of Nisan, according to the Jewish calendar, the day when the Passover lamb was to be slaughtered:

Exodus 12:1-3 KJV

(1)  And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

(2)  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

(3)  Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

Exodus 12:6 KJV

(6)  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

That evening would be the evening of Passover followed by the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread, the 15th of Nisan.

It was on that evening when the day turned from the 14th to the 15th that Yeshua (Jesus) had the Passover meal with His disciples.

In Judaism, and in the Bible, a “day” always begins at sundown on the evening before.

Genesis 1:5 KJV

(5)  And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.

The gospel of Luke further clarifies that Yeshua (Jesus) and His disciples ate the Passover meal together:

Luke 22:7-14 KJV

(7)  Then came the day of unleavened bread, when the passover must be killed.

(8)  And he sent Peter and John, saying, Go and prepare us the passover, that we may eat.

(9)  And they said unto him, Where wilt thou that we prepare?

(10)  And he said unto them, Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you, bearing a pitcher of water; follow him into the house where he entereth in.

(11)  And ye shall say unto the goodman of the house, The Master saith unto thee, Where is the guestchamber, where I shall eat the passover with my disciples?

(12)  And he shall shew you a large upper room furnished: there make ready.

(13)  And they went, and found as he had said unto them: and they made ready the passover.

(14)  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

We can conclude from these three accounts of Matthew, Mark, and Luke that Yeshua (Jesus) ate the Passover meal on Erev Pesach, the evening of the Passover, as is the custom even until today.

John, however, seems to paint a different picture of what happened during these days.

Speaking of the time when Yeshua (Jesus) had the meal with His disciples, we read in the book of John,

John 13:1 KJV

(1)  Now before the feast of the passover, when Jesus knew that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.

John seems to be saying that the meal that Yeshua (Jesus) had with his disciples took place before the Passover.

We also read in John that the religious Jews would not enter Pilate’s quarters on the morning when Yeshua (Jesus) was being sentenced because they wanted to eat the Passover:

John 18:28 KJV

(28)  Then led they Jesus from Caiaphas unto the hall of judgment: and it was early; and they themselves went not into the judgment hall, lest they should be defiled; but that they might eat the Passover.

How can they eat the Passover if the evening of Passover had already passed?

Some claim that they were referring to the week of Passover, the week of eating unleavened bread, however, as we continue to read we see evidence of preparation for the Passover after Yeshua (Jesus) had already eaten the Passover with His disciples (John 13) and had already been arrested:

John 18:12 KJV

(12)  Then the band and the captain and officers of the Jews took Jesus, and bound him,

John 19:14 KJV

(14)  And it was the preparation of the Passover, and about the sixth hour: and he saith unto the Jews, Behold your King!

John 19:31 KJV

(31)  The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain upon the cross on the sabbath day, (for that sabbath day was an high day,) besought Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.

Thus, in John we read that the day that Yeshua (Jesus) was arrested, sentenced, and crucified was called a day of preparation for the Sabbath.

This is where it appears Christian tradition has assumed that this preparation day was for the regular Sabbath day, the seventh day of the week, which in modern English is called Saturday.

It seems to have been concluded that the preparation day was Friday, the day before Saturday, however, this is not consistent with the whole of the text in John 19.

Remember in John 19:14 that it was “the day of preparation for the Passover.”

John also referred to this Passover day as a Sabbath and even emphasized that this particular Sabbath was a “high day.”

So the obvious question for non-Jews is, what is the connection between Passover and the Sabbath day?

It is vital to understand the full meaning of the Sabbath in order to make sense of this whole situation.

The Sabbath is a foundational teaching in the Bible.

The Sabbath is a continual reminder of creation and of the YHVH God of creation as mankind is commanded to work six days a week and rest one day as God did:

Genesis 2:1-3 KJV

(1)  Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

(2)  And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had made.

(3)  And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and made.

The Sabbath is also foundational to understanding all of the Biblical Holidays (or the appointed times of Jehovah):

  • Passover,
  • The First Fruits,
  • The Feast of Weeks (Shavuot),
  • Rosh Hashannah (The Feast of Trumpets),
  • Yom Kippur (The Day of Atonement), and
  • The Feast of Tabernacles.

All of these Jewish Holidays incorporate some aspect of a Sabbath day, meaning a day when work is forbidden and a day when rest is commanded (Leviticus, Chapter 23).

The Scriptures are clear regarding how the Sabbath principle is related to the Passover:

  • These are the appointed times of YHVH God, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at the times appointed for them.
  • In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight is YHVH God’s Passover.
  • Then on the fifteenth day of the same month there is the Feast of Unleavened Bread to YHVH God; for seven days you shall eat unleavened bread.
  • On the first day you shall have a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work.
  • But for seven days you shall present an offering by fire to YHVH God.
  • On the seventh day is a holy convocation; you shall not do any laborious work. – Lev. 23:5-8
  • The first and seventh days of the week of Passover are considered to be “Sabbath days,” days of rest.
  • The first day of Passover is considered one of the highest Sabbath days of the year because the Passover is the first holiday on the Jewish calendar and it is the event that defines the Jewish people even until today (Ex. 12:1-20. 34:18. Num. 28:16-25).

Therefore it is reasonable to conclude that the high Sabbath day that John referred to in his gospel account was the Passover day, as he

clearly stated (John 19:14).

However, if this is so, why does it seem like John is referring to a Passover day which was still to come?

Didn’t all of the Jewish people along with Yeshua (Jesus) and His disciples celebrate Passover the evening before?

Matthew, Mark, and Luke all state in their respective gospel accounts that Yeshua (Jesus) had the Passover with His disciples and was later arrested that night.

According to the account in John, however, Passover was only beginning the day after Yeshua (Jesus) was arrested and crucified.

Is it possible to resolve this supposed “double account” of the Passover?

It is possible to celebrate TWO nights of Passover.

Where does this practice of celebrating two nights of Passover originate?

Remember the earlier discussion of the Jewish calendar?

As a reminder:

The Jewish calendar is based on the lunar cycle, the cycle of the moon.

In ancient times, the Jewish people would determine Rosh Hodesh (the new month) by the testimony of at least two witnesses before the beit din, the Jewish religious court.

After the beit din approved the testimony of the two witnesses, riders would be sent out to alert the Jewish communities regarding the new moon, including the Jews who lived in the diaspora.

The moon revolves around the earth in a cycle of approximately 29 days, 12 hours, and 44 minutes.

The new moon will appear either 29 or 30 days after the previous month, only counting full days.

As a result of the irregular nature of the moon cycle and the complicated method of sending messengers on horseback, Jewish communities outside of Jerusalem and Israel were often beyond knowing exactly when the new month started until days later.

To compensate for the delay in receiving notification of the New Moon from the beit din, Jewish communities in the diaspora would celebrate two days for each holiday, to ensure that they celebrated the right day, the day which YHVH God intended.

This practice is called “Yom tov sheni shel gallut” – “The second day of holiday for the diaspora.”

A second day for every holiday commanded in the Torah is celebrated in the diaspora, except for one holiday, Yom Kippur.

Since Yom Kippur is a fast day it is only observed for one day.

Even today when Jews from the diaspora come to celebrate the Jewish holidays in Jerusalem they will hold to two days of celebration and observance in keeping with tradition.

During the time of Hillel (330-365 AD), the last president of the Sanhedrin (not to be confused with Hillel HaGadol, a sage of Judaism from the time of Yeshua (Jesus)), another system of calculating the months and determining the holidays was instituted to provide a more consistent and accurate rendering of the new moon.

Despite having this new system, those living outside of Israel still celebrate two festival days because it is “a tradition handed down by our fathers,” even until today.

“This is an example of the role that tradition has in the life of the Jewish people and the importance attached to maintaining the customs and preserving the historical continuity from one generation to the next.” (Lau, Rabbi Israel Meir, Practical Judaism, p, 206-208).

Rosh Hashanah (The Feast of Trumpets) is the only holiday today that is celebrated for two days consistently by all Jews, including those who continuously live in the Land of Israel.

This is because Rosh Hashanah is the only holiday celebrated on

the first day of the Hebrew month.

To avoid any confusion regarding when the Rosh Hashanah holiday begins, it is simply celebrated for two days by all Jewish people, just to make sure that the right day is observed.

Tradition!

Tradition is the heart of Judaism.

Tradition seems to be the answer to the supposed dilemma regarding the two days of Passover at the time of Yeshua (Jesus).

Is it possible that YHVH God used Jewish tradition to allow His Son to celebrate the first day of Passover with His disciples to institute the New Covenant that He made?

Yeshua (Jesus) took the cup after the meal, traditionally the third Cup of Redemption (the third cup of the Passover Seder and is the first cup to be drunk after the meal.), together with the unleavened bread to symbolize His blood and His body respectively on the first day of Passover.

Then on the following day, Yeshua (Jesus) Himself actually became the Passover Lamb when He was crucified on the afternoon of the first day of Passover in preparation for the second day of Passover.

Today Jews from outside of Israel still celebrate two days of Passover when they come to Jerusalem.

If anyone still struggles with the thought that YHVH God could or would use tradition as part of His plan, even after the Lazarus example, consider another aspect of the Passover Seder of which tradition plays a huge part.

Yeshua (Jesus) used a glass of wine to illustrate the New Covenant in His blood and He took the unleavened bread to illustrate His body which would be broken for us.

The unleavened bread was taken from the biblical mandate of the Passover celebration; however, wine was never commanded to be drunk in connection to Passover.

YHVH God commanded the partaking of three elements at the Passover celebration:

Exodus 12:8 KJV

(8)  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Drinking four cups of wine at Passover is a Jewish tradition that was added

somewhere along the way and Yeshua (Jesus) Himself used this tradition to illustrate the New Covenant in His blood.

Tradition!

The understanding of tradition regarding the day of Passover seems to resolve the issue of the two Passovers but what about the problem of the three days and three nights?

The “preparation day” on which Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified appears to have been the preparation day for the second day of Passover, which was also considered a Sabbath day.

Therefore, Friday is not bound to being the day of execution and burial.

Here is a timetable that seems to harmonize the biblical account with Jewish tradition:

  • Wednesday – The disciples of Yeshua (Jesus) prepared for the Passover on the day when the Passover lamb was killed.
  • Wednesday Evening – The first evening of Passover. Yeshua (Jesus) celebrated the Passover meal with His disciples.
  • Wednesday night/Thursday morning: Yeshua (Jesus) was arrested and falsely accused.
  • Thursday morning: Yeshua (Jesus) was beaten and later sentenced to death at noon (John 19:14).
  • Thursday afternoon: The first day of Passover was ending and Jews were preparing for the second day of Passover (John 19:14, 31). At about three o’clock in the afternoon Yeshua (Jesus) gave up His Spirit and died (Mark 15:34).
  • Thursday evening – Joseph of Arimathea came to ask Pilate for the body of Yeshua (Jesus) and placed His body in a grave.

Wednesday evening and Thursday were the first day of Passover, Thursday evening and Friday were the second day of Passover, and Saturday was the regular Sabbath day. It was actually a three-day Sabbath; Thursday, Friday, and Saturday.

This still occurs today in Israel when a Jewish holiday is observed on the day(s) before or after a regular Sabbath day.

The preparation day that the Jews were preparing for was the second day of Passover, which was the continuation of a long weekend.

It appears that since Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified on the first day of Passover, which is considered a Sabbath day, Joseph of Arimathea together with Nicodemus did the minimum in order to properly bury Yeshua (Jesus) before the second day of Passover followed by the regular Sabbath day, the Sabbath day of Passover week (John 19:38-42).

According to this rendering of days, Yeshua (Jesus) was in the tomb Thursday, Friday, and Saturday nights, therefore, Yeshua (Jesus) was in the heart of the earth three days and three nights (Mat 12:40).

For a more in-depth discussion of this, feel free to listen to the podcast at:

https://bibletalkwithleeanthony.org/wp-content/uploads/2020/11/3-days-and-3-nights.mp3

AND, for another view, visit:

https://www.torahclass.com/bible-studies/other-studies/985-the-passover-problem-solved

It is written in all four gospels that Yeshua was raised to life on the first day of the week (Matt. 28:1-7. Mark 16:1-6. Luke 24:1-7. John 20:1).

In reality, it doesn’t really matter on which day of the week that Yeshua (Jesus) was crucified or impaled, or on which day of the week He was resurrected, however, the more important issue is that these events actually occurred in harmony with the Scriptures.

At the same time, it is important for we who believe in the Bible’s Truth to have a credible understanding of our faith and to come to accurate knowledge of the book that we believe is the Word of YHVH God.

(PAUSE for Reflection)

 

What do the Scriptures tell us about Yeshua’s (Jesus) feelings towards human beings?

While the Gospels have many references to Yeshua’s (Jesus) love and care for the fallen race of humans, here are just a couple of examples:

Joh_11:32-35 KJV

(32)  Then when Mary was come where Jesus was, and saw him, she fell down at his feet, saying unto him, Lord, if thou hadst been here, my brother had not died.

(33)  When Jesus therefore saw her weeping, and the Jews also weeping which came with her, he groaned in the spirit, and was troubled,

(34)  And said, Where have ye laid him? They said unto him, Lord, come and see.

(35)  Jesus wept.

 

and

 

1 John 4:7-10 KJV

(7)  Beloved, let us love one another: for love is of God; and every one that loveth is born of God, and knoweth God.

(8)  He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.

(9)  In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.

(10)  Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.

 

At the beginning of Yeshua’s (Jesus) last Passover observation with His disciples:

Luk_22:14-15 KJV

(14)  And when the hour was come, he sat down, and the twelve apostles with him.

(15)  And he said unto them, With desire I have desired to eat this passover with you before I suffer:

John 13:2-5 KJV

(2)  And supper being ended, the devil having now put into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him;

(3)  Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God;

(4)  He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments; and took a towel, and girded himself.

(5)  After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.

Joh_13:12-17 KJV

(12)  So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?

(13)  Ye call me Master and Lord: and ye say well; for so I am.

(14)  If I then, your Lord and Master, have washed your feet; ye also ought to wash one another's feet.

(15)  For I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have done to you.

(16)  Verily, verily, I say unto you, The servant is not greater than his lord; neither he that is sent greater than he that sent him.

(17)  If ye know these things, happy are ye if ye do them.

Yeshua (Jesus) knew that one of His own would betray Him and that it was necessary to fulfill the prophecy:

Zec_11:12-13 KJV

(12)  And I said unto them, If ye think good, give me my price; and if not, forbear. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver.

(13)  And the LORD said unto me, Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prised at of them. And I took the thirty pieces of silver, and cast them to the potter in the house of the LORD.

Knowing this prophecy:

Joh_13:21-30 KJV

(21)  When Jesus had thus said, he was troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily, verily, I say unto you, that one of you shall betray me.

(22)  Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake.

(23)  Now there was leaning on Jesus' bosom one of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.

(24)  Simon Peter therefore beckoned to him, that he should ask who it should be of whom he spake.

(25)  He then lying on Jesus' breast saith unto him, Lord, who is it?

(26)  Jesus answered, He it is, to whom I shall give a sop, when I have dipped it. And when he had dipped the sop, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.

(27)  And after the sop Satan entered into him. Then said Jesus unto him, That thou doest, do quickly.

(28)  Now no man at the table knew for what intent he spake this unto him.

(29)  For some of them thought, because Judas had the bag, that Jesus had said unto him, Buy those things that we have need of against the feast; or, that he should give something to the poor.

(30)  He then having received the sop went immediately out: and it was night.

 

After Judas had left the room, Yeshua (Jesus) gave His remaining disciples a new commandment:

Joh_13:34-35 KJV

(34)  A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another.

(35)  By this shall all men know that ye are my disciples, if ye have love one to another.

For this reason, we gather around sunset on Nisan 14 (as close as we can calculate it).

But we must first heed Paul's warnings:

1Co_11:27-29 KJV

(27)  Wherefore whosoever shall eat this bread, and drink this cup of the Lord, unworthily, shall be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord.

(28)  But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

(29)  For he that eateth and drinketh unworthily, eateth and drinketh damnation to himself, not discerning the Lord's body.

We are gathered in humble, joyful and thankful obedience in remembrance of the greatest human life ever lived, to give honor to the Redeemer and life giver of the human race, the "only begotten Son" of God, Yeshua Messiah (Jesus Christ).

 

John 3:13-21 KJV

(13)  And no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the Son of man which is in heaven.

(14)  And as Moses lifted up the serpent in the wilderness, even so must the Son of man be lifted up:

(15)  That whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have eternal life.

(16)  For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.

(17)  For God sent not his Son into the world to condemn the world; but that the world through him might be saved.

(18)  He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already, because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.

(19)  And this is the condemnation, that light is come into the world, and men loved darkness rather than light, because their deeds were evil.

(20)  For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

(21)  But he that doeth truth cometh to the light, that his deeds may be made manifest, that they are wrought in God.

We recognize and accept the work of atonement accomplished through Yeshua’s (Jesus) Ransom Sacrifice and Sin-Offering, and through the symbols of bread and the cup, as taught by our Lord and Savior, we honor these precious doctrines.

Mat_26:26 KJV

(26)  And as they were eating, Jesus took bread, and blessed it, and brake it, and gave it to the disciples, and said, Take, eat; this is my body.

Even if you are alone reading this on the Memorial night, you can spiritually join us:

Just as Yeshua (Jesus) asked a blessing on the bread before serving it to His disciples, we invite you, from your heart, to ask YHVH God to bless the bread in consideration of what it pictures.

All those desiring to partake of the bread, please reverently and solemnly partake of your bread at this time.

(PAUSE to take the bread)

Mat_26:27-28 KJV

(27)  And he took the cup, and gave thanks, and gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all of it;

(28)  For this is my blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

As Yeshua (Jesus) gave thanks for the cup before serving it to His disciples, we invite you, from your heart, to ask YHVH God to bless the cup in consideration of what it pictures.

(PAUSE to take the cup)

All of us of the Berean Bible Fellowship thank you for participating in the Memorial Observation and invite you to join us any Thursday and/or Saturday night for our regular online meetings.

After a closing prayer, we encourage you to symbolically go to the Mount of Olives with our Lord Yeshua (Jesus) and continue your devotional meditations of Yeshua’s (Jesus) final experiences in His remaining hours on earth, ultimately calling to mind His glorious resurrection by YHVH God after three days and nights in the heart of the earth.

Closing Prayer.

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